Barriers to effective communication

It is the act of interchanging ones ideas or thoughts or in other words it can be said that conveying meanings from one entity or group to another through the use of mutually understood signs, symbols, and semiotic rules. It plays a very important role in any field weather professional or not. But not every time this turns favorable from your side or the other one. Their are many reasons why communication may fail. For example- The message or thoughts shared by the sender may not be received exactly the way the sender intended. These barriers often leads to confusion and can make your day to day life more difficult. It is, therefore important to recognize these barriers and being aware about our own way of communication habits. To help, here are few common barriers to effective communication:

Technical Jargon

It refers to the words/expressions that belongs to a certain field of knowledge which can only be understand by the specialized people who work on those areas.

Unclarified Assumptions


When a message is sent to a receiver, there might be a difference in the assumptions formed by the receiver and the assumptions intended to reach the receiver. Hence, if this doubt is not clarified in time barriers may arise.

Lack of confidence and awareness

You cannot become aware of other people’s feelings until you are aware of your own feelings same thing is with confidence in yourself this is very essential part to have effective communication because with confidence you can calmly approach others to begin the process of communication.

self confidence

  1. Unwillingness to communicate
    It represents a global predisposition to avoid communication, whether due to apprehension, alienation, low self‐esteem, introversion, or other causes.
  2. Body language or gesture
    Body language is a type of a nonverbal communication in which physical behaviors, as opposed to words, are used to express or convey the information. Such behavior includes facial expressions, body posture, gestures, eye movement, touch and the use of space.
  3. Technical barrier
    Few technological barrier to communication are no power, no signal or any kind of software problem.

  4. Inconsistency in verbal and non-verbal communication
    Common example of inconsistency between verbal and non-verbal messages include: deadpan expressions during congratulations, frowns while delivering good news, eyes looking downward when expressing concern, blank expressions during any communication, staring out the window when speaking.
  5. Gender barrier
    Communication is a big barrier when you want to have conversation with a person of opposite gender. In our country like India still people are not that much opened as compared to other one. Still in some parts of our country people face a lot of gender inequality issues. They prefer men over women or vice versa. Due to this their moral gets down and they feel less confident hence communication become less effective


Communication may break down as a result of many barriers that may be attributed to the sender or receiver. Therefore, effective communication requires familiarity with those barriers. Choosing the right channel for communication is also important, because choosing the wrong medium undermines the message which may also destroy your relations with colleagues or with your loved one.

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